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Zika Virus Infection
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Zika virus infection is caused by Zika virus that is spread to people through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Zika virus was first discovered in 1947 and is named after the Zika forest in Uganda.
In Brazil, Zika virus infection in pregnant women has been linked to a birth defect known as microcephaly. It is a birth defect that halts the brain development in foetal, leading to babies being born with significantly smaller heads. Until February 2016, nearly 4,000 babies in Brazil have been born with suspected microcephaly.
In Thailand is the worst-hit country in Southeast Asia, with an average of five cases a year since 2012, according to the Ministry of Public Health. Febuary 2016, Thailand has confirmed one case of the virus.The virus "was confirmed by blood tests", Air Vice Marshall Santi Srisermpoke, director of Bangkok's Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital.
Most people infected with Zika virus didn’t know that they have the disease because the symptoms are quite mild compared to other vector borne diseases. The incubation period (the time from exposure to sy mptoms) for Zika virus disease is unknown, but it is likely to range from a few days to a week.
Flat or raised skin rash
Fever and headache
Joint pain and muscle aches
Less frequently, gastrointestinal discomfort with vomiting and retro-orbital pain
Similarly to dengue, treatment for Zika virus infection consists of relieving pain, fever and any other symptoms shown on patients. Currently, there is no vaccine nor anti-viral treatment available.
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